This month we are continuing our series of things to see and do in the Old City Cemetery, Lynchburg, VA.
The Station House Museum is the Stapleton Station. Stapleton Station was the C&O Station at Stapleton, Amherst County, Virginia, from 1898 until 1937. It was located at mile post 130.8, near Galt’s Mill, fifteen miles east of Lynchburg. It is the only remaining C&O “Standard Station” of its size and style. Between 1999-2001 the badly deteriorated station was dismantled board by board and reconstructed in the Old City Cemetery to interpret the importance of railroads in the history of Lynchburg.
The Station is divided into three sections: the Passenger Room, the Station Agent Office and the Baggage Room. The interior furnishings and instruments reflect the World War I era.
The Passenger Room. The small, rural C&O Station didn’t offer much comfort to travelers waiting for their train. It contained a bench, water cooler and signboard showing arrival and departure times. It served as the community center for the people living near Stapleton, where they shared local and family news, conversation and fellowship. During WW I the station was the only means of contact between the families and their boys fighting in Europe. As trains carried the boys off to war it brought most of them home.
The Station Agent Office. The Station Agent, or Tickemaster, operated the station. The station’s bay window faced the railroad tracks, enabling the station agent to watch for trains coming from or going to Lynchburg. On the desk sits a teletype on a three-armed resonator, along with a scissors-style telephone. This station agent also represented Western Union Telegram Service and Adams Express baggage service from this office.
The Baggage Room. The freight and baggage room received and shipped the necessities of life and death for the residents of Stapleton, VA. Baggage, livestock, household and farm purchases were dispensed through this room. The Railway Postal Clerk, who handled mail and postal baggage while the train was in route, worked from this room.
By 1860 three major railroad lines terminated in Lynchburg, VA: Virginia & Tennessee Railroad (1852), Southside Railroad (1854), and Orange & Alexandria Railroad (1860). The three railways helped to make Lynchburg a regional hub of industry and tobacco commerce, and one of the wealthiest cities per capita in the United States. During the Civil War, they made Lynchburg the second largest hospital center in Virginia.
Old City Cemetery is open daily between dawn and dusk. It is located at 401 Taylor Street, Lynchburg, VA. 434.847.1465 for more information. All museums, buildings and exhibits are accessed through large picture windows and audio taped descriptions of the museums or buildings. Varoius tours and special events take place in the Cemetery each year. A calendar of events can be found at www.gravegarden.org.
The centerpiece of the exhibit is a painting by Eyre Crowe, a British artist, called “Slaves Waiting for Sale, Richmond, Virginia,” painted in 1861, it depicts the moments just before a slave auction is held in Richmond in 1861. Crowe’s three paintings (reproduced on panels for the traveling exhibit) show different aspects of the domestic slave trade that began in the early 1800’s. “After the Sale: Slaves Going South” (1865) documents what came next for the slaves.
The first African slaves came to Virginia in 1619, when the tobacco industry was booming. By the 1800’s Virginia wasn’t growing as much tobacco leaving more slaves than work. Some slave owners began selling their slaves (about 600,000–the largest forced migration in U.S. history) to those in the Deep South (“sold South”) where the slaves would help meet the demand for cotton labor. Richmond became a “slave-collecting and re-sale center,” the largest slave-trading center in the Upper South. It is estimated that in 1857 the slave trade in Richmond was $4 million dollars (more than $440 million today.) The slaves sold were transported by ship, rail or overland in groups that often numbered over 300 people. The end of the journey was often New Orleans, the largest slave-trading city in the U.S.
In addition to the panels the exhibit showcases slave history items from the Lynchburg Museum collection–the deeds of manumission from John Lynch giving his slaves their freedom in 1782, items found during archaeological digs where the homes of Thomas Jefferson’s slaves at Poplar Forest were located, and a letter from a slave to Elijah Fletcher, father of Indiana Fletcher who founded Sweet Briar College.
You can view this exhibit at the Lynchburg Museum, 901 Court Street, until March 6, 2016. The Museum is open Monday through Saturday between 10 until 4 and Sunday between noon until 4. Admission to the Museum is free.
An African American genealogy workshop and lecture will be held at the Community Room of the Lynchburg Public Library on February 19 at 2 pm. This workshop and lecture are being sponsored by the Legacy Museum of African American History.
The Lynchburg Museum is a short distance (walking distance) to The Carriage House Inn Bed and Breakfast.
The Lynchburg Museum currently has an exhibit displaying 20 quilts made between 1802 and 2010.
Quilting in America started as a necessity. Quilts were used as bed coverings or hung over doors or windows to keep the cold out. Early quilts were usually either plain or whole quilts (three pieces of solid materials quilted together like a sandwich) or patchwork quilts (using various scraps of fabric). Applique quilts became popular in the mid-1800’s as the availability of more materials allowed “show” quilts to be sewn, not just “utility” quilts. Quilt making became an expression of artistry and skill. Grandmothers and mothers made applique quilts for their children or grand children. These were often passed down from one generation to the next.
Quilting bees were an important social activity, as women and girls came together to work on a collective quilt or an individual one. While quilting they shared stories of their lives and taught essential skills to the girls.
The quilts on display are a combination of historic and modern pieces. The 1869 crib quilt is of particular note.
The Lynchburg Museum is located at 901 Court Street. It is open Monday-Saturday 10-4 and Sunday 12-4. Their phone number is 434.455.6226. The museum is free to all visitors.
The 1855 Greek revival Court House is one of Lynchburg, Virginia’s most recognizable buildings. It features a prominent temple façade supported by four massive Doric columns. The building remained in continuous use as a court house between May 1865 until December 1974. It opened as the Lynchburg Museum in 1977.
The guest rooms in the mansion, at The Carriage House Inn Bed and Breakfast, are all covered with quilts. Kathy’s mother made the quilts we use today. When you are staying with us be sure to ask to see all of the quilts, we are very proud of them.
The Old City cemetery, in Lynchburg, VA, was established in 1806. It has been in continuous operation since it’s founding, making it one of the oldest public cemeteries in the US. Nearly 20,000 people are buried here. They include political, religious and cultural leaders, veterans of every major American war from the Revolution to Vietnam and over 2,200 Confederate soldiers. Three-quarters of those buried are African American (both free and enslaved) and more than one-third are infants and children under the age of four.
In addition to the graves honoring the dead are several buildings/museums, exhibits/monuments, gardens and special horticultural areas. In 2016 The Carriage House Inn Bed and Breakfast’s blog is going to feature a special section of the Old City Cemetery throughout the year.
January we are highlighting the Pest House Museum Medical Center.
Located directly across the street from the Cemetery Center the 1840’s white frame building was the medical office of Dr. John Jay Terrell. It was moved here from his farm, Rock Castle Farm in Campbell County, in 1987. He used this office to treat patients for 40 years. Once restored it now combines his medical office with an example of a Pest House, to explain the medical science of the 1800’s.
Dr. Terrell’s Office contains his operating table, “poison chest,” “asthma chair,” and some of his instruments. A 1860’s hypodermic needle, clinical thermometer and chloroform mask along with his surgical kit are on display. Medical treatments often killed patients in the 1800’s, before their ailments would have. Dr. Terrell implemented washing hands and instruments between patients and the use of sand or sawdust on the floors to cut down on the spread of germs and bacteria. Simple things we do today and expect to be done today. These reforms enacted by Dr. Terrell reduced the Pest House mortality rate from 50 percent to 5 percent.
The Lynchburg Pest House was originally located near Fourth and Wise Streets, beside the early cemetery boundary where most of the patients would be buried. Used to quarantine Lynchburg residents in the 1800’s who contracted contagious diseases such as smallpox or measles the standards of cleanliness and medical care were virtually non-existent. Dr. Terrell deplored the conditions and volunteered to assume the responsibility of improving conditions for both the residents of Lynchburg and the Confederate soldiers who spent time there in quarantine. In the Pest House you will see examples of the straw pallets placed on the floor, that has been covered with sand. The use of sand made it easier to clean away debris and hazardous waste. The interior walls have been painted black to save the patients eyes, as smallpox affects the eyes and light. The garden just outside the Pest House contains various herbs and plants that Dr. Terrell would use when making salves, tinctures and remedies for his patients.
You can tour the Old City Cemetery daily between dawn until dusk. The various buildings and museums are not generally open to the public. You have access to them through placards, large windows and doors and recorded descriptions of the buildings and what they contain. The Cemetery Center is open daily between 11 until 3, or by appointment. For more information about the cemetery, tours, events, burial records or visiting the cemetery contact them at 434.847.1465 or www.gravegarden.org
You are cordially invited to join the Diamond Hill Historical Society for a tour of five seasonally-decorated homes in the Diamond Hill Historic District. The home tour will be held on Sunday, December 13, 2015 between 1:00 until 4:30 p.m.
Diamond Hill was the third of Lynchburg’s original seven hills to be developed and became Lynchburg’s first historic district in 1978. Located on the edge of downtown Lynchburg, between Church and Grace Streets Diamond Hill is comprised of a variety of architectural styles including Queen Anne, Georgian Revival, Italianate, Gothic and Colonial revival.
Homes open for the tour include: 1216 Clay Street, 1407 Harrison Street, 401 Washington Street, 503 Washington Street, and 609 Washington Street. These homes were built between 1850 and 1919. Varying in style, size and lot design they will give tour attendees an educational sense of this historic District.
Tickets can be purchased at the Lynchburg Visitor Center or at Givens Books. Tickets will be available on the day of the tourat the corner of Madison and Washington Streets. Each ticket is $20.00.
Mark your calendar to attend the YWCA of Central Virginia’s inaugural Design House. Located at 3128 Rivermont Avenue, the house will be open Saturday, November 21 through Sunday, December 13. During this time the house will be open between 10-6 on Wednesdays, Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays. Sundays it will be open between 12-4.
A Preview Gala will be held on Friday, November 20 between 6:30 until 9:30. At the gala you will be able to meet the designers and be among the first to see the Design House, in all of it’s glory! A catered reception will delight your taste buds and the rooms will delight your senses. Tickets for the preview gala are $75 per person and must be purchased in advance.
What is a Design House? Sixteen interior designers from across Central Virginia have been assigned a room of the house. The designer will bring their skills, design styles and techniques, paint, fabric, furniture and accessories for a total, special room makeover. This unique home tour allows visitors to experience the spectacular work and vision of the area’s designers and to gather ideas and inspiration for their own homes. Almost everything in the house will be “for sale”, plus an on-site boutique and Christmas shop, with fabulous items showcasing the best of the latest in home design and accessories, will be open to visitors.
Throughout the Design House tour days there will be a variety of seminars presented. The $45 ticket allows you to enter the Design House as often as you like and the ability to attend one or all of the seminars. The seminars currently range from decorating ideas, remodeling and even holiday drinks. Seminar dates and times can be found at LynchburgDesignHouse.com.
All proceeds from this event–put on solely by volunteers–will directly support the YWCA programs, including the Domestic Violence Prevention Center. This center includes two 24/7 domestic violence shelters, a domestic violence hotline, specially trained court advocates, support groups for women and children, emergency transportation, community education and the Children’s Visitation Center. The YWCA of Central Virginia serves the state between Lynchburg to Danville to Southside, more than 4,400 square miles and a population of more than 410,000.
Visit this historic property filled with wonderful design ideas and help a great cause at the same time.
Tickets may be purchased through LynchburgTickets.com, or at the Farm Basket or Persian Rugs and More, or at the Design House any day of the tours. Ticket prices are: $20 per person for a one time visit, $45 for a multiple day ticket.
For more information visit www.LynchburgDesignHouse.com
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