150 years ago today, although not a major battle, the city of Lynchburg heard cannon fire and gunshots. The Battle of Lynchburg is technically a misnomer as the failure of the Union assault kept Lee’s supply lines open, which enabled him to fight for an additional eight months.
It took more than three years for the war to reach Lynchburg. Troop trains regularly pulled into Lynchburg’s Ninth Street Station bearing carloads of wounded Confederate soldiers, as the majority of the tobacco warehouses had been converted into hospitals, making Lynchburg the second-busiest hospital town in the south. Lynchburg manufactured ammunition at it’s foundries and provided milled grain and flour from one of the area’s largest grist mills. As a major supply route for the Confederate Troops, General Grant gave General Hunter orders to destroy Lynchburg thereby disrupting supplies to the Confederate Army and thereby ending the war.
As General Hunter marched through the Shenandoah Valley on his way to Lynchburg he ran into little resistance. He took a page out of General Sherman’s march through the south as he burned and plundered the small towns and villages, including VMI in Lexington as he headed towards Lynchburg. Meanwhile General Lee, knowing the importance of Lynchburg to the South sent General Jubal Early to defend the city as there were very few able bodied persons left in Lynchburg to mount any type of defense.
As General Early was racing to Lynchburg to defend the city, General Hunter and his men, on their way from Lexington to Lynchburg, arrived in the Town of New London where they were offered food and drink. This slowed the advance on Lynchburg by several hours buying General Early several hours of time. Finally, General Hunter arrives in Lynchburg and takes over Sandusky, a plantation in the northwest section of Lynchburg, as his headquarters. While preparing his battle plan he sends out spies to the city.
During the evening and night of June 17, 1864, empty trains kept pulling into the 9th Street Station to the cheers of the townspeople as the band played. Word got back to General Hunter that dozens of trains full of Confederate Troops were arriving to defend the City. Fearing that he was outnumbered General Hunter decided not to attack the City and retreated. In a letter to General Grant, General Hunter states, “It had now become sufficiently evident that the enemy concentrated a force at least double the numerical strength of mine and what added to the gravity of the situation was the fact that my troops had scarcely enough of ammunition left to sustain another well-contested battle.”
While there were a few small skirmishes in Lynchburg during the Battle of Lynchburg, the city was left standing and continued to supply the South for the remainder of the war. Because of General Hunter’s retreat from the Battle of Lynchburg we have many buildings that may have been destroyed if he was able to complete his mission. Sandusky stands today and has been restored to the way it looked when it was General Hunter’s headquarters. It is open to the public. Check the link for more information.
If you are interested in the Civil War, the surrender at Appomattox Courthouse celebrates its 150th year anniversary next spring. We are now taking reservations, and I recommend you book early, if you plan on taking part of all the activities the National Park Service has planned for that week. We are about 20 minutes from Appomattox Courthouse!
The Maier Museum of Art at Randolph College has begun presenting an 8-part series on American art. This series combines an account of American life and serves as a tribute to American art. Filmed in 100 locations around the country by Robert Hughes, a Time Magazine art critic, Hughes has applied his wit and imagination to the problem of revealing how art records and preserves both points of view and ways of life.
The series, entitled American Visions-The Epic History of Art in America, is being presented each Monday, between June 9th through July 28th, at the Maier Museum of Art, located at 1 Quinlan Street in Lynchburg, VA. All sessions begin at 1:00 pm and last until 2:00 pm. Admission is free.
On Monday, June 16th the documentary looks at America’s majestic landscapes. Traveling from Yellowstone to the Hudson Valley the artists explored include John James Audubon, Albert Bierstadt, Frederick Church, Thomas Cole and Frederick Remington. Hughes compares and contrasts the conflicting impulses to worship the land and to conquer it and to create a myth of the West while the frontier was closing.
Other sessions to be held are described on the Maier Museum website at maiermuseum.org.
Our sauteed greens with a fried egg is a hearty, healthy and gluten free meal that is great way to start your day. There are plenty of vegetables plus the protein of an egg. We fried the egg (over easy) but you could also poach the egg. To save time in the morning you can peal and cube the butternut squash, mince the onions and toast and chop the hazelnuts. We served this to guests that were going hiking and wouldn’t be anywhere close to a restaurant at lunch time.
- 2 cups butternut squash, cubed
- 4 tablespoons olive oil, divided
- 1 teaspoon kosher salt
- 1/8 teaspoon cinnamon
- 1 medium-size onion, halved and thinly sliced
- 10 oz. baby spinach, collard greens or kale (we used spinach)
- 1/4 cup blanched hazelnuts, toasted and chopped
- 2 tablespoons dry sherry
- 1/4 cup crumbled blue cheese
- 2 over easy fried eggs
Directions for Sautéed Greens:
1. Preheat oven to 450°. Toss squash with 2 tablespoons olive oil, and spread in a single layer on a baking sheet; sprinkle with 1/2 teaspoon salt and the cinnamon. Bake 20 minutes or until squash is soft and golden brown, stirring occasionally.
2. Meanwhile, sauté onion in remaining 2 tablespoons hot oil in a large skillet over medium heat 10 minutes or until onion is tender. Add greens, hazelnuts, sherry and squash. Sprinkle with remaining salt. Cook, stirring often, 2 minutes or just until greens begin to wilt. Sprinkle with blue cheese and immediately top with an over easy fried egg or poached egg and serve. Season egg to taste while cooking. Hint–Use white pepper if you don’t want to see pepper flakes on the egg, but warn guests that it has been seasoned or they may add additional pepper.
Our guests loved this breakfast and we will be serving it again next week when we have a gluten intolerant guest checking in.
Each month we post a new recipe to our blog, but all recipes have been collected and listed on our recipe page. If you are looking for new and creative breakfast recipes we invite you to check them out. If you prefer to have someone else do the cooking then give us a call at 434-846-1388 and book your reservation, or book online and let us serve you our legendary breakfast each morning! We hope to see you soon at The Carriage House Inn Bed and Breakfast.
On May 26, 1864, Union General David Hunter, under direct orders from Ulysses S. Grant, marched south from Cedar Creek, near Winchester, VA, to drive out Confederate forces, lay waste to the Shenandoah Valley and destroy transportation facilities in Lynchburg, VA.
Hunter and his army of 18,000 soldiers marched south along the Shenandoah Valley. In Staunton he destroyed depot buildings, warehouses and railroad lines. Continuing south he reached Lexington, where his men looted the Virginia Military Institute, seizing the bronze statue of George Washington as a war trophy (it was later returned). Then the Military Institute was set ablaze.
After three days
The National D-Day Memorial, in Bedford, VA, expects 10,000-15,000 visitors for the 70th anniversary of the Normandy invasion on June 6, 2014. Sadly this event could be the last large gathering of area D-Day veterans, as the youngest are now in their early 90’s.
Like eleven other communities in Virginia, Bedford provided a company of solders (Company A) to the 29th Infantry Division when the National Guard’s 116th Infantry Regiment was activated on February 3, 1941. Transported by the British Navy’s 551st Assault Flotilla, Company A of the 116th Infantry Regiment landed on Omaha Beach in the first wave of the First Infantry Division’s Task Force O. By day’s end, nineteen of the company’s Bedford soldiers were dead. Bedford’s population in 1944 was about 3,200. Proportionally, this community suffered the nation’s severest D-Day losses.
Since its dedication in June 6, 2001, the Memorial has attracted more than 1.3 million visitors. The Memorial exists in tribute to the valor, fidelity and sacrifice of the Allied Forces on D-Day, June 6, 1944.
Located on a consecrated 88-acre site the Memorial has four major components that represent the sweep of D-Day from the early planning and preparation for it, through the Channel crossing and landing in France, to the Allied victory and consolidation on the beaches and beyond Normandy into the landscape of postwar Europe. Visitors experience a moving array of small memorials, displays, sculptures and statuary, plaques and tributes.
The Memorial is open between 10:00 am through 5:00 pm daily, except on Christmas Day, New Year’s Day and Thanksgiving. Visitors can either take a shuttle-cart tour with a guide or a self-guided walking tour. Admission fees apply. Visit the D-Day Memorial Website for a list of activities during the 70th year anniversary celebration. While visiting the D-Day Memorial be sure to visit downtown Bedford as many of the stores will be displaying posters from WW II in their store windows, much like they would have in the 1940s.
Guests staying with us at The Carriage House Inn Bed and Breakfast for a minimum of three days, June 6, 2014 being one of the days, will be charged for only your Friday and Saturday night stay ( stay for 3 nights, pay for 2). Call us at 434.846.1388, mention the D-Day Memorial special and book your room.
For more information about the story of the men from Bedford who took participated in the D-Day invasion read The Bedford Boys by Alex Kershaw.
Packet boats were small boats designed for domestic mail, passenger and freight transportation on North American rivers and canals. Used, starting in the 17th century in Europe, packet boats in the United States were drawn through canals by teams of two or three horses or mules. Compared to overland travel, the boats cut journey time in half and were much more comfortable.
The finest packet boat to travel the James River and Kanawha Canal, ‘the Queen of the James’ cost between three and four thousand dollars. 90′ long by 14′ at the beam with an 11″ draft, she was solidly built with creosoted wood rib frames on 12″ centers inside a hand formed iron hull that measured 3/16th of an inch thick. The cabin interior was paneled with Dominican Mahogany and divided into staterooms (separate for men and women) and a main dining salon which converted into an area for fold down sleeping berths at night and a kitchen in which to prepare meals. The Marshall was able to transport up to 60 passengers at a time. The Packet Boat Marshall carried passengers from Richmond to Lynchburg, charging $8 for the 33 hour trip. It averaged four miles per hour.
Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson was mortally wounded, near Chancellorsville, VA on May 2, 1863. His body was transported by train from Fredericksburg to Richmond to Gordonsville to Lynchburg. The train arrived in Lynchburg, VA about 6:30 pm on the 13th of May at which time the remains were removed, placed in a hearse and a procession began to the Packet Boat Marshall Landing at Ninth Street and the Kanawha Canal (Behind what is now the Depot Grill Restaurant.). The Packet Boat Marshall left Lynchburg about 10:00 pm for the final portion of the journey to Lexington, VA., Jackson’s final resting place. This trip is what is most remembered about the Packet Boat Marshall.
In 1864, after being partially burned when General David Hunter’s army road through Lexington the Marshall was repaired. General Robert E. Lee rode as a passenger in the late 1860’s. In 1877 a flood breached the packet boat on the river bank above Lynchburg. In 1900 Corbin Spencer came to own the beached packet and lived in it with his sister Mary. In 1913 the Spencers survived a flood that washed away the wooden superstructure of the old packet. In 1936 the metal hull of the Marshall was unearthed and prepared for placement in Riverside Park for Lynchburg’s Sesquicentennial. Between 1970 and 2003 the remains of the Marshall hull lay neglected and exposed to the elements, resulting in severe deterioration. In 2003 the Lynchburg Historical Foundation undertook steps toward the preservation of the deteriorating hull by building a roof over the artifact, which was followed by a structure to further protect the historical boat.
Each June between 12-18 packet boats recreate the journey between Lynchburg and Richmond. This reenactment demonstrates how the boats were used to transport tobacco and people between the two cities in the mid-1700’s until the late 1800’s. If you would like to see the packet boats in the James River Batteau Festival this June, give us a call at 434-846-1388 to make your reservations now or book on-line.
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